Henry Flynt:  The Intense Years (1954-67)

A chronology with correlative events


bold:  Henry Flynt involved

bold italic:  Henry Flynt works

regular:  works of others

italics:  history



The inclusion of a correlative event does not imply approval or disapproval, only that the public was aware of it.

Reference works sometimes give different years for the same event.




February. Ana Pauker, Communist boss of Romania, is arrested.

March 5.  Stalin dies.  Allegation that he was poisoned by his third wife, who was his physician.

March.  Ana Pauker is released to house arrest because Stalin died.  If Stalin had continued to live, she would have met the fate of Slánsky.

July 27.  Korean War armistice.


no month

DNA discovered.

Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, tr. 1953

Dave Brubeck, Jazz at Oberlin



February.  Second Freshman semester of senior high school.  [At junior high school.  Greensboro had a 6-3-3 system.]

February 1954 – August 1956.  Client, Guilford County Mental Health Clinic; principal therapist, Douglas McNair.

March 1.  Puerto Rican nationalist assault in the U.S House of Representatives.

April 22.  Army-McCarthy hearings.

May 7.  Communist victory over the French at Dien Bien Phu.

May 17.  The Supreme Court rules school segregation unconstitutional.

May 19.  Charles Ives dies.

May 29.  The Bilderberg Group opens officially.

June 27.  Arbenz is overthrown in Guatemala by a C.I.A.-sponsored coup.

August 10.  Flynt’s trick photo of Alexander Flynt is published with story, “Double Negative,” The Greensboro Record, Section B, Page 1.

September.   Matriculates Greensboro Senior High School (now Grimsley High School) at age 14, first Sophomore semester.  Joins the school orchestra as a matter of course.

October 31.  Algerian war of independence begins.

November 3.  Matisse dies.

November 8.  Dave Brubeck on the cover of Time Magazine.

November 29.  Fermi dies.


no month

c. 1954-56.  Violin lessons with J. Kimball Harriman, “Kim” Harriman, who becomes a nationally prominent string teacher.

1954-57.  Flynt’s parents insist that he occasionally attend church services with them even though he has announced that he is an unbeliever.  It attracts enough notoriety that Flynt amounts to Greensboro’s village atheist.

c. 1954-7.  Attendee, Greensboro Astronomy Club.  Presumably the club has an organizers’ roster, but there is no formal membership for attendees.  The venue for lectures is the University of North Carolina Greensboro.  Field trips to telescope viewings. 

Junius Scales, chairman of the Communist Party of North and South Carolina, is arrested under the Smith Act.

Randall Jarrell, Pictures from an Institution

George Abbott, Pajama Game

Dissent magazine begins publication.

Ad Reinhardt, black paintings

Jasper Johns, Flag (American flag)

Shake, Rattle and Roll (Joe Turner; covered by Bill Haley)



February.  Second Sophomore semester of high school.

March 12.  Charlie Parker dies.

April 18.  Einstein dies.

April 18-24.  Bandung Conference, Indonesia.

April 12.  Jonas Salk announces that his polio vaccine is successful.

May 14.  Inception of the Warsaw Pact.

August 28.  The Emmett Till murder in Mississippi.

September.  First Junior semester of high school.

September 30.  James Dean dies.

October 3.  The movie Rebel Without a Cause opens.

December 1.  Rosa Parks, NAACP staff, and alumna of Highlander School, takes the bus ride that leads immediately to the Montgomery Improvement Association (Abernathy, King) and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

December 5.  AFL-CIO merger.


no month

c. 1955-56.  Member of the Greensboro Symphony Orchestra.  At that time the Symphony is a volunteer orchestra based at the University of North Carolina Greensboro.

The antiproton is produced.

N. V. Peale, The Power of Postitive Thinking

Noam Chomsky, Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory

Foundations of the Unity of Science, key volume in the logical positivist canon

Leslie Fiedler, An End to Innocence

Will Herberg, Protestant—Catholic—Jew

The National Review begins publication

Tennessee Williams, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

Norman Mailer, The Deer Park

Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita

James Baldwin, Notes of a Native Son

Bill Haley, Rock Around the Clock

Crew-Cuts, Earth Angel

Bo Diddley, Bo Diddley

Chuck Berry, Maybelline

Little Richard, Tutti Frutti



February 25.  Khrushchev’s secret speech on Stalin’s crimes.

February.  Second Junior semester of high school.

March 9.  In China, the Masanjia Labor Camp (Liaoning Province) is established.

April 13-18.  Member of the Greensboro High School orchestra:  when it travels to St. Louis to play at the opening session of the Music Educators National Conference.  There are general assemblies.  April 18:  Father O’Conner the jazz priest; Dave Brubeck speaks at the piano.  Some hint of jazz as an alternative system.  But wait!  Brubeck also muses that he may proceed to 12-tone jazz.

[Cf. George Avakian, Down Beat, June 13, 1956, page 14.  Cf. “Harriman Developed Grimsley Orchestras,” Greensboro News & Record, March 28, 2005.]

The educators’ organization was originally the Music Supervisors’ National Conference, see Summer.

June 5 – July 23.  The Wilhelm Reich materials in Rangeley, Maine are destroyed by the U.S. government.

Summer.  Flynt has thought of attending Julliard for summer school, but his teachers tell him to go to “Interlochen,” the National Music Camp in Michigan.  The camp was founded by Joseph Maddy after he directed a national high school orchestra at the Music Supervisors’ National Conference.  Originally the National High School Orchestra Camp; renamed the National Music Camp in 1932.  Today, Interlochen Center for the Arts.  A year or two before Flynt attended, the camp gained two major new buildings, the Kresge shell and the Maddy administration building.  The only fellow-attendee Flynt will see after that summer is Richard Mendelsohn (at Harvard).

August 11.  Jackson Pollock dies.

August 23.  Several tons of publications assembled by Wilhelm Reich in Manhattan are burned by the U.S. government.

September.  First Senior semester of high school.

Fall.  Concertmaster of high school orchestra.

October 23 – November 4.  Hungarian uprising.

October 29, 1956.  Israel invades Egypt with Britain and France.  [The U.S. threatens the Soviet Union with a nuclear attack to deter a Soviet intervention on behalf of Egypt.]

November 6.  Eisenhower runs for President a second time against “Egghead Adlai” Stevenson, again defeating him.  Southern Democrats are not pleased with Egghead Adlai as their standard bearer.

early November.  Flynt is elected “most intellectual” by his high school class.  [Known from a Nov. 5 letter from a local dairy awarding a milkshake, obviously a school/business promotion.]  Just as Egghead Adlai is sent packing.


no month

COINTELPRO:  commencement of centralized FBI operations to sabotage U.S. progressives, notably the Civil Rights movement.

Black Mountain College, North Carolina, becomes inactive in this year. 

Wittgenstein, Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics

Sartre, Being and Nothingness (original, 1943)

Einstein, The Meaning of Relativity, 5th edition

C. Wright Mills, The Power Elite

William Whyte, The Organization Man

Paul Goodman, Growing Up Absurd

J.J. Arévalo, The Shark and the Sardines (original; tr. 1961)

James Baldwin, Giovanni’s Room

Allen Ginsberg, Howl

Genet, The Balcony

George Mathieu, Paintings in Performance, Paris

Stockhausen, Klavierstück XI

the Ali Akbar Khan release on Angel Records with the Menuhin introduction

Love Me Tender, Presley’s first movie

Presley, Heartbreak Hotel

Presley, Hound Dog

Carl Perkins, Blue Suede Shoes

Fats Domino, I’m In Love Again

Chuck Berry, Roll Over Beethoven

Gene Vincent, Be-Bop-A-Lula

Nervous Norvus, Transfusion



January 10-11.  Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded.

January 15.  Non-conservation of parity announced; the Chinese discoverers will be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics later the same year (unprecedented rapidity of recognition).

February.  Second Senior semester of high school.

February 13, Wednesday.  Inducted into the National Honor Society (NHS).  “tapped for Torchlight.”  Flynt’s induction was opposed by at least one significant teacher, Ms. Garrett, presumably on the ground that he did not meet the “social involvement and leadership” criteria of membership.

The NHS was formed in 1921 by the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP).

March 6.  Independence of Ghana.

April 1957.  Notification by letter of award of Certificate of Merit from National Merit Scholarship Corp.

Spring.  Flynt quits high school orchestra—unheard of—and is replaced as Concertmaster by Julia Adams ’58.

May 1957.  Recipient of honorary scholarship to Harvard.  (No money.  Means that Flynt meets the merit criteria for financial assistance if they had found financial need.)

[Cf. “Harvard College Scholarship Goes to Henry A. Flynt, Jr.” The Greensboro Record, May 17, 1957.]

July. In China, the Anti-Rightists campaign seamlessly succeeds the Hundred Flowers movement. The Hundred Flowers movement was a calculated trap.

July.  Norman Mailer, "The White Negro," Dissent, Summer 1957.  It condemns the hipster—but public consciousness transforms it into the premier herald of the hipster (as white Negro).

September 1957.  Matriculates Harvard at age 17 as a mathematics major, first Freshman semester.

September 11.  Plutonium fire at the hydrogen bomb production facility, Rocky Flats, CO.

September 24.  Eisenhower sends troops to Little Rock to enforce public school integration.

October 4.  Sputnik launched.  Harvard science personnel are abuzz.

October 22.  Papa Doc Duvalier comes to power in Haiti.

Fall.  SANE is formed.

November 18.  Mao declares in Moscow that “the East Wind prevails over the West Wind.” 


no month

European Economic Community is established.

Hugh Everett III proposes the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.

Noam Chomsky, Syntactic Structures

Simone de Beauvoir, The Long March (original: tr. 1958)

Vance Packard, The Hidden Persuaders

Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged

Jack Kerouac, On the Road

Marcel Duchamp, From the Green Box [English digest of Green Box authorized by Duchamp]

Stockhausen, Gruppen

Cage’s course, Experimental Composition, N.S.S.R. begins

John Coltrane, Blue Train

Jerry Lee Lewis, Whole Lot of Shakin’ Going On

Everly Brothers, Wake Up Little Susie

Buddy Holly, Peggy Sue

Jerry Lee Lewis, Great Balls of Fire



January.  The Great Leap Forward commences in China, ending in 1961.  Now known as the Great Chinese Famine.  Tens of millions starve as a result of government policy.  The highest estimate which is not dismissed as crackpot is Dikötter’s:  45 million deaths.  Starvation in China was alleged in the West at the time by the Right wing, but did not become history until decades later.  The Great Leap will be a political litmus test.  Progressive Labor Party (see below) will endorse the democidal policy in November 1971 in Road to Revolution III.

February.  Second Freshman semester, Harvard

February.  Milton Babbitt, “Who Cares If You Listen?,” High Fidelity

c. April 1. Van Cliburn wins the Tchaikovsky Piano Competition in Moscow.

May 15.  John Cage, Town Hall Retrospective, New York.

May.  End of the semester, Flynt undergoes psychiatric hospitalization at Harvard’s Mt. Auburn Clinic.

June.  Flynt returns to Greensboro for the summer.

July.  The U.S. and Britain intervene comprehensively in the Arab Middle East to suppress Arab nationalism.

September. first Sophomore semester, Harvard.  Routinely assigned to a residential house, Flynt switches to Dudley, for off-campus students, and moves into a dingy rooming house.

September.  Cage’s and Tudor’s notorious appearance at Darmstadt.

October 3.  Boulez appears on WNYC-FM, New York, announcing his discovery of chance.  (Anything to do with the Feldman satire on Boulez of this year?)

October 9.  Pope Pius XII dies.  In the ensuing conclave, Giuseppe Cardinal Siri is elected Pope, then forced aside before he can appear publicly as Pope, allowing the election of Roncalli.  [The evidence is peripheral; conclaves are secret.]

October 28.  Pope John XXIII begins his reign.

November.  Lecture by Karlheinz Stockhausen at MIT on electronic music (Gesang).  Tony Conrad attends.

November 5.  “New Instrumental and Electronic Music,” lecture by Stockhausen, Paine Hall, Harvard University.  Conrad and Flynt attend.  Life-changing for Flynt as an object-lesson.

November 22.  Gerard Hoffnung’s parody, “Punkt Contrapunkt by Bruno Heinz Jaja.”

December.  Caffe Cino opens in Greenwich Village and becomes the venue for off-off-Broadway.

December 15.  The “Rightist” Liu Shaoqi takes the Presidency of China from Mao because of the Great Leap Forward disaster.


no month 

China:  the Dabao (Sichuan Province) punishment camp is established.

A group splits from the CPUSA to form P.O.C.  Leaders:  Roman, Pelagrin, Haywood.  Periodical Marxist-Leninist Vanguard.

First CND march in Britain.

Wittgenstein, The Blue and Brown Books

J.K. Galbraith, The Affluent Society

Chelsea, a literary magazine, is launched in New York.

Truman Capote, Breakfast at Tiffany’s

Genet, The Blacks

Yugen is launched in New York by LeRoi and Hettie Jones

It Is, Philip Pavia’s culture magazine, commences

Morton Feldman, “Sound, Noise, VarŹse, Boulez,” It Is 2

Yves Klein, Le vide

Cage, Variations I

Interviews of Our Times, a comedy record with Lenny Bruce, notable for “Shorty Petterstein”

Cecil Taylor (with John Coltrane), Double Clutching

Chuck Berry, Johnny B. Goode

Johnny Otis Show, Willie and the Hand Jive

Duane Eddy, Rebel Rouser

Everly Brothers, Bird Dog

Nick Todd, At the Hop



January 1-7.  Victory of the Cuban Revolution.

February.  Second Sophomore semester, Harvard

March.  Saul Kripke, “A Completeness Theorem in Modal Logic,” Journal of Symbolic Logic.  [The gossip was that Kripke had had a paper published while in high school; if this was the premise of the gossip, surely Kripke was at Harvard in 1959.]

March 21. Tibetan uprising is crushed by China.

June.  Flynt returns to Greeensboro for the summer.

June 19.  Letter from Harvard warning about low grades.  Flynt ignores the warning (he will register for Quine’s mathematical logic class in September).  (He is sampling the intellectual heights, not steering toward a degree.)

July.  Khrushchev’s denunciation of U.S. modern art at the American exhibition in Moscow.

July.  Nixon’s “kitchen debate” with Khrushchev at the American exhibition in Moscow.

July.  Jack Gelber’s The Connection, The Living Theater.

July 17.  Billie Holliday dies.

August-September.  The first Sino-Indian border clashes.

September.  First Junior semester, Harvard. 

September 15-27.  Khrushchev visits the U.S., meets with Eisenhower.  The AFL-CIO opposes the invitation to Khrushchev.

September 22. Josef Hauer, rival claimant in dodecaphony, dies.

Fall.  Ugly Drawing [done in Quine’s class].  Now in MOMA.

October.  The African Communist, journal of the South African Communist Party, commences publication.

October.  Allan Kaprow, 18 Happenings in Six Parts, Reuben Gallery.

October 16.  George Brecht, Toward Events:  An Arrangement, Reuben Gallery.

November.  La Monte Young, Vision.

December 9.  A New Music Concert at Harvard, supposed to end with a serialist piano work performed by a pianist in the Harvard Music Department, includes Flynt’s “Trio.”  The “Trio” actually comprised independent solos for violin, piano, cello (distinctly different “new music” forms) performed simultaneously.  Flynt, violin, Wilder, piano, Miller, cellist.  Because Flynt strolls around the auditorium to vary sound location, and because Wilder uses Tudor’s technique of punching the piano’s underside, it is a scandal.  The Music Department pianist storms out.

Because this happened, the Harvard Music Department will block the inclusion of a Conrad piece in a later concert in spring 1960.  [Known from Conrad letter to Young, 5/5/60, cf. Conrad letter to Young, 4/18/60.]


no month

Congress passes the Landrum-Griffin Act.

Workers World Party is formed as a split from the SWP, makes an approach to Roman’s P.O.C. but is rebuffed.

Studies on the Left begins publication.

Norman Mailer, Advertisements for Myself

Heidegger, “The Way Back into the Ground of Metaphysics” (original 1949)

Heidegger, Introduction to Metaphysics (original 1935)

John Cage, “Lecture on Something,” It Is 4

movie, On the Beach

movie, Hiroshima Mon Amour

Robert Rauschenberg, Monogram

Frank Stella shows black paintings (begun in 1958) in a group exhibition at MOMA

Cage, Indeterminacy (Folkways recording)

Stockhausen, Zyklus

Stockhausen, Refrain

Miles Davis, Kind of Blue

Ornette Coleman, Change of the Century

Ornette Coleman, Tomorrow is the Question

Dave “Baby” Cortez, The Happy Organ



January 4.  Death of Albert Camus.

January.  The Student League for Industrial Democracy is renamed SDS.

January.  La Monte Young, Poem.

January.  Yves Klein, The Painter of Space Hurls Himself into the Void.

February 1.  First sit-in, Greensboro, NC.

February.  Cage, who is teaching at the New School, performs Water Walk on I’ve Got a Secret.

February 13.  France tests its first atomic bomb.

February 18.  Telegram notifying parents that Flynt is withdrawing from Harvard on probation for low grades.

February 23.  Two letters from Flynt to his parents re his withdrawal from Harvard.

March 9. Yves Klein, Anthropometries.

March 14.  A Concert of New Music, Living Theater, New York.

March 21.  Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa.

March.  John Cage, Theater Piece performed.  Review follows in Time magazine, March 21; just the review is a major influence on Flynt.

April.  Chinese Communist Party publishes “Long Live Leninism!” commencing the public Sino-Soviet dispute.

April. Fair Play for Cuba Committee started in New York.

April.  La Monte Young, Two Sounds.

April.  La Monte Young gives this as date of composition of 566 to Henry Flynt [response to Flynt’s Concerto for Kitchen Sink and Monkey Orchestra, 2 January 1961.  So Young must have applied the title to an existing piece.]

April 17.  SNCC founded in Raleigh, NC (after the first sit-in).

May 1.  Soviet Union shoots down a U2 spy plane.

May 2.  Execution of Caryl Chessman, with attendant protests.

May 5. La Monte Young, Composition 1960 #2.

May 9.  The FDA approves the first birth control pill.

c. June 1.  Philosophy Proper, Version 1 (14 pages).  Privately mimeographed and circulated.  Flynt letter to parents 6/1960.

c. June 1.  Flynt garners Chomsky’s verdict on Philosophy Proper, Version 1.  Israel Scheffler suggested and arranged the encounter at MIT.  [This conflicts with my episodic memory, in which I showed Version 3, a typescript, to Chomsky in 1961—but there is objective evidence, Flynt letter to parents 6/60, Flynt letter to parents 7/30/60.  Before I showed Version 1 to Chomsky, I partly revised it, my letter says.  But surely there is only the one mimeographed version.]

June.  Eisenhower’s planned trip to Japan is cancelled due to demonstrations which include the Zengakuren’s snake-dancing and the slogan “Eisenhower go to the Hell!”

June 30.  Belgian Congo becomes independent.

July.  La Monte Young, Lecture 1960.

July 25.  The date the Soviet Union announces the withdrawal of thousands of technicians from China.  It is now said that the Chinese were responsible for their exit. [cf. Politics in China since 1949.]

August 9.  Flynt, untitled piano piece performed in a radio concert by La Monte Young , KPFA.

August 16.  Cyprus gains independence from Britain.

September 14.  OPEC is founded.

September.  The UN General Assembly at which Khrushchev and Castro create sensations.

September 24.  Castro and Malcolm X meet at the Teresa Hotel in Harlem.

October 1.  Nigeria becomes independent.

October 6.  The concert at mary bauermeister atelier where Paik cuts off Cage’s tie.

October 8.  Cage, Tudor, Cunningham at the International Festival of Contemporary Music, Venice.  An absurdist sensation recounted by Time magazine.

November.  Electronic music score, November 1960 No. 2 (2 pages).  Young archive.

November 8.  Kennedy elected President. He will later be deemed to have stolen the election.

December. Nam June Paik, Étude for pianoforte, Köln.

December.  Musical score, “Circus,” consisting of four pieces to be performed simultaneously.  (1) and (2) are lost; (3) is dated Nov. – Dec.  Young archive.

December 17.  composition 12/17/1960 No. 1.  [Dated the moment I set off to see Young in New York?  Not a “short” word piece—?]

c. December 17.  Flynt arrives in New York to visit Young at the time of the Jennings loft concerts.  A life-changing visit for Flynt.

Dec. 18, 19.  The performance series, curated by La Monte Young, at Yoko Ono’s loft—the “loft concerts”—begins with two Terry Jennings appearances.

December 20.  The National Liberation Front (NLF) of South Vietnam is officially launched.

December.  Approximate date given for so-called Tape 5, Flynt music, whistling, violin, voice, said to have been given to Maxfield.

late December.  Essay, My Work in Music, 6 pages.  Acknowledges Young’s word pieces.  My two letters to Leonard Stein (Young archive) refer to this essay.


no month

End of the British colonial war in Kenya which defeats the Mau Mau. 

Mössbauer effect—used to confirm general relativity.

Harvard Psilocybin Project (Leary, Alpert).

William F. Buckley founds Young Americans for Freedom.

Liberator magazine is started in New York by Daniel Watts.

Trobar, a poetry magazine in New York, is launched by Robert Kelly

The journal Kulchur started with Marc Schleifer as editor.

Peter Schumann founds the Bread and Puppet Theater in New York.

Sartre, Critique of Dialectical Reason

Daniel Bell, The End of Ideology

Herman Kahn, On Thermonuclear War

C. Wright Mills, Listen, Yankee

(Nelle) Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird

Alfred Hitchcock, Psycho

Stockhausen, Carré

Stockhausen, Kontakte

John Coltrane, My Favorite Things

Ornette Coleman, This Is Our Music

Viscounts, Night Train

Chubby Checker, The Twist



January.  Mathematical System 1, shown to Kripke in Flynt’s room.  Destroyed; that it existed is documented by a manuscript in MOMA.

[various word pieces stimulated by Young’s in-person presentation of his word pieces in December 1960, such as:]

January 2.  Concerto for Kitchen Sink and Monkey Orchestra.  Young archive.

January 3.  Möbius strip score, called Piece No. 2, 2/3/61.  Documented by second letter to Leonard Stein.

January 17.  Assassination of Patrice Lumumba.

January.  Robert Morris, Box with the sound of its own making crafted.

January 23. A plane carrying H-bombs disintegrates over Goldsboro, NC.  One of the bombs in particular is prevented from detonating by one small switch only.

Before Feb. 26.  Poem 4 completed—the “score” will be displayed at the Feb. 26 loft concert.  It seems that the “English translation” is the only surviving vintage holograph.  MOMA.

February 11.  Eichmann trial begins in Jerusalem.

February 25, Saturday. Flynt’s first performance in the loft series (see December 1960): a free-form performance.  Recorded by Maxfield.

February 26, Sunday.  Performances of notated pieces; display of scores on a table, including Poem 4 and the Jan. word pieces.  notated pieces.  piano tablature piece; high E string violin piece.

February.  Young begins to solicit submissions to Beatitude East, intended as issue #18 of Beatitude magazine.  [E.g. Young to Brecht c. March 1961.]  After many turns, this document will appear in Spring 1963 as An Anthology.

March.  Flynt gives Young an essay on “philosophy of mathematics,” for Beatitude East, before March 29, i.e. before concept art exists.  [Flynt to parents 3/29/61.]

March 10.  Concact of Colored Sheets and Acoustical Scans [Optical Audiorecorder].  March 10 is earliest date given — March dates proved because a published concept art piece was recycled from a colored sheet music piece.

March 24, Friday.  Flynt on WHRB in Cambridge for one-half hour, tapes of his “musical” performances, including prepared violin, announcing the concert of March 31.  Flynt letter to parents 3/29/61.

March 31, Friday.  The Harvard Concert.

—Richard Maxfield

—La Monte Young [premiere of Compositions 1961]

—possibly Henry Flynt

—Morris’ Box with the sound of its own making was not noted on the announcement but was displayed in the auditorium.

Spring 1961.  The first issue of Freedomways, the must-read journal of black affairs created by the Communist Party and edited by wives of two Communist leaders.

April 1, Saturday.  trial run for the Young-Flynt duets that will be recorded January 9, 1962.

April.  Yves Klein at Castelli.

April 12.  Yuri Gagarin’s space flight.

April 17.  Bay of Pigs invasion.  The U.S. government denies any involvement.

May 4.  The CORE Freedom Ride leaves Washington, D.C. for the South.  The rides will continue until the FCC makes rule changes in November.

May 5.  Alan Shepard, the first American in space.

May 14. Young’s “566 to Henry Flynt” performed by Toshi Ichiyanagi, Carnegie Recital Hall.

May 19-20.  Second performance of Young’s Compositions 1961, Yoko Ono’s loft.

June.  Robert Morris, Passageway, Yoko Ono’s loft.

June 2, Friday.  Lecture on Newness at Young’s Bank St. apartment, NY.  Private event, no announcement.  Date given in Flynt letter to parents 6/1/61. 

June 5.  Junius Scales, Greensboro native, is sentenced to six years in prison for Communist Party membership even though he has left the CP.

Summer.  Young, Blues in B flat, with Terry Jennings.

June. concept art as such crystallized:  therefore, in the aftermath of the June New York visit.  First communicated to Tony Conrad.  All surviving vintage compositions:

          Illusion-Ratios 6/19/61

          Transformations 10/11/1961

          Innperseqs (May-July 1961)

          Work Such That No One Knows What’s Going On (July 1961)

          Teseqs (concept art version of Mathematical System 4 3/14/61)

          “Concact for the Optical Audioplayer” early 1962

July.  Exercise Awareness-States [later Mock Risk Games] [In 1981, the “lost” manuscript retrieved from Tom Constanten.  Both versions achieved publication.]

July.  Philosophy Proper, Version 3 completed and duplicated to be circulated.  Mentioned in Flynt letter to Young 5/2/61, then in Flynt letter to parents 7/3/61. 

July 15, Saturday.  AG Gallery presentations:  Exercise Awareness-States, Innperseqs

July 16, Sunday.  AG Gallery presentations:  reading of Philosophy Proper, Version 3.

July 21.  Gus Grissom is the second American to orbit earth.

summer.  John Alten completes manuscript, The Lost Philosophy of Oswald Spengler.

August.  Linact:  Incongruities (1 page)

August 13.  Communists erect the Berlin Wall.

August 23.  “Jazz violin,” two takes.  Recorded in Cambridge, MA.

August 28. Robert F. Williams , North Carolina NAACP leader and militant, officially becomes a fugitive.  FBI Wanted Poster dated August 31.

September 1-6.  First Non-Aligned Summit held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

September.  “Anthology of Non-Philosophical Cultural Works” hectographed by Tony Conrad and privately circulated.

          Poem 1 (1960-61)

          Audart Composition (May 1961)

          Audart (July 1961)

          Strange Culture Description (April-May 1961)

          Concept Art:  WSTNOKWGO (July 1961)

          Concept Art:  Innperseqs (May-July 1961)

September 18.  Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash.

October.  22nd Congress of the CPSU, exacerbating the Sino-Soviet split.  Stalin’s body removed from Lenin’s tomb.

October.  The Exploitation of Cultural Revolutionaries in Present Societies.  [Destroyed.  Was sent to Maciunas, proved by Flynt to Young 10/25/61.  The theme comes back in a less frantic way in “On Social Recognition,” for example.]

November 1.  First Women Strike for Peace national action.

November.  Energy Cube Organism completed.  Flynt to Young 11/61.  Flynt to Young 11/29/61 proposes to mail a sketch to Young. 

November 29.  Flynt to Young 11/29/61 mentions inception of a new work, likely the Perception-Dissociator.

December 8, 1961.  Young, Response to WSTNOKWGO.  [typescript, Young archive]

December 9.  Tanganyika becomes independent with Julius Nyerere as President.

December 11.  Official beginning of the Vietnam War.

December 15.  Eichmann receives the death sentence.

December 19.  Goa ceded to India.

December 20.  “Audact Nos. 1-3,” this date.  Recorded in Cambridge, MA.  #3 is unfinished.  (It will be completed from the source tape, according to the 1961 instructions, in 2008.)


no month

Murray Gell-Mann introduces SU(3) symmetry, “the eightfold way.”

Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews

Frantz Fanon, Wretched of the Earth (original; tr. 1965)

Daniel Aaron, Writers on the Left

Joseph Heller, Catch-22

LeRoi Jones, Preface to a Twenty-Volume Suicide Note

Bread&, New York poetry magazine, launched by Frank Kuenstler (Maciunas gives him a series in AG Gallery)

Genet, The Screens

Rauschenberg, telegram “This is a portrait of Iris Clert if I say so.”

Manzoni, Magic Base

Manzoni, Line 1000 Meters Long

Yves Klein, Monotone Symphony

Stockhausen, Originale

Cage, Variations II

Ornette Coleman, Free Jazz

John Coltrane, Coltrane “Live” at the Village Vanguard

Dave Brubeck Quartet, Take Five

B Bumble & the Stingers, Bumble Boogie

Drifters, Sweets for my Sweet



January.  The magazine Root and Branch appears this year.  Lasts for two issues.  Written by U.S. political science students flirting with Cuba while condemning Nkrumah for corruption.  They publish Donald Warden, later to become Dr. Khalid Al Mansour, political operative for the Saudis, who will play a key role in elevating Barack Obama.

January.  First issue of PL (Progressive Labor) magazine.  [Rosen and Scheer were expelled from the Communist Party in 1961, but that should not be cited as PL’s founding date.  Progressive Labor will declare itself a movement in July.]

Jan. 8, Monday.  First benefit for An Anthology, the Living Theater.  The poorly attended event abandoned the printed program, taking on the character of a drawing-room gathering.  Notables in the small audience:  Mac Low, Earle Brown.  When Young’s jazz ensemble (drums, Billy Higgins) began to play, Flynt went up on the stage with his song flute and joined them.  [Mac Low to Maciunas, c. January 9, where he calls the song flute a tonette]

Jan. 9, Tuesday.  Flynt-Young fiddle-piano duet recording.  Flynt-Young alto sax-piano duet recording.  Flynt-Young song flute-piano duet recording

Feb. 5.  second benefit for An Anthology, the Living Theater

Feb. 8 or 9.  Flynt’s draft physical.  Flynt classified 4F.

Feb. 9, Friday.  ONCE Festival, Ann Arbor.  WSTNOKWGO receives two “performances.”  As comments on the program per Young’s typescript of 8 December 1961; as Young’s dismissive announcement in real time.  [program, tape of concert, Young archive]

Feb. 20.  John Glenn flight

Feb. 22.  creep discourse recording (reel E1)

March.  Noscol Version 5 (text)

March.  The Tenth St. Coffee House is succeeded by Les Deux Mégots on East 7th Street.  Poets’ hangouts; Diane Wakoski, Jackson Mac Low.

March 20.  C. Wright Mills dies at age 45.

April 17, Tuesday.  “Cognitive” talk, Harvard

April 18. Benjamin Davis, Harvard Law graduate and Communist leader, speaks at Harvard.  Flynt attends with M.I.T. engineering student Sylvester Okereke.

April 21.  Seattle World’s Fair opens

May.  Note on Autobiography, My Acognitive “Cultural” Self-Discovery, Creep.

May 8.  premiere of Something Funny Happened on the Way to the Forum

May 1962.  Max Stanford founds the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM Party) at Central State College in Ohio.  This organization has been considerably underrated.

May 15, Tuesday.  Acognitive and Creep lecture, Adams House, Harvard

[Cf. Harvard Crimson, May 16,1962, “Flynt Cites Value of Social ‘Creep’.”]

May or later.  The Important Significance of the Creep Personality (text, destroyed)

June 7. Mongolia becomes a full member of the Soviet-organized CMEA, drawing much closer to the USSR.

June 9.  George Maciunas, Neo-Dada in the United States, Galerie Parnass, Wuppertal

June 16.  Port Huron Statement of SDS.

June 18.  Date given for so-called Tape 8, Flynt, violin and song flute. [Supposedly in Young archive, not located]

June-July. Flynt stays at Avenue D in Manhattan for two weeks.  Hears North Carolinian Robert F. Williams describe his struggle with the Klan and the government on WBAI-FM.  (Must have been a rebroadcast.  Williams was recorded in Cuba by Marc Schleifer.)

July 1.  Progressive Labor Movement (not Party!) launched by Rosen and Scheer.  Hereafter PLM.

July 3.  Algeria becomes independent. Also given as July 5.

July 5, Thursday.  Acognitive Culture talk, 49 Avenue D.  [I confused the date but it has been resolved.]

July 6.  Death of William Faulkner.

July 15.  Young and ensemble, improvised modal music, 10-4 Group Gallery

July 23.  launch of Telstar [cf. Tornadoes, Telstar, 1962]

August.  By this month, the Workers World youth organization has been renamed Youth Against War and Fascism, with Key Martin of Columbia University as leader.

August 5.  Marilyn Monroe dies.

August 7, Tuesday.  Pure Recreation talk, Harvard.  [Cf. Harvard Summer News, August 6, 1962, notice.]

Summer?  My New Concept of General Acognitive Culture (text)

August 30.  A U-2 strays over Sakhalin Island.

September 30.  A Taiwanese-operated U-2 is shot down near Nunchang in western China.

September 30. James Meredith enrolls in the University of Mississippi, integrating the University.

October 1. West Irian is ceded by Holland to Indonesia.

October 11.  The Second Vatican Council commences.

October 20.  China invades India, administering humiliating defeats to India.  Timed to coincide with Khrushchev gamble in Cuba.

October 22.  Cuban missile crisis

October 24.  Cage, 0' 0"

November.  décollage No. 3 released with Flynt’s essay “My New Concept of General Acognitive Culture”

November.  Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life, magazine publication in Moscow.

November. Khrushchev’s vulgar denunciation of the Soviet modern art exhibited at Manezh.  It is now known that Khrushchev’s handlers contrived the occasion to set him off.  What is really shocking is that the head of a nuclear power was too crude to suspect that he was being played by his handlers.

November.  A group splits from the CPUSA to form Hammer & Steel in Boston; leader Homer Chase.  This utterly insignificant grouplet was nevertheless known around the far Left, and is the only other “anti-revisionist” U.S. group Progressive Labor recognized/recognizes.

November 7.  Eleanor Roosevelt dies.

December? The Simkins hospital integration case in Greensboro begins in 1962 and ends in 1964.  The Supreme Court’s decision compels the integration of all hospitals which receive government money.

December 6.  Frantz Fanon dies in Bethesda, Maryland.

December 15.  The Chinese Communist Party issues “Workers of All Countries, Unite” against “modern revisionism.”

December 25. Junius Scales is released from prison.

December 31.  China issues “The Differences Between Comrade Togliatti and Us.”


no month

Perception-Dissociator drafted mostly during this year.  Draft discarded?  Piece recreated c. 1966, first published Ikon I/5, April 1968.  The work never came to fruition in its early form, but through it, Flynt motivated himself for such investigations as:

“The Perception-Dissociation of Physics” (1969), published 1975.

Intersensory Discorrelation (1981).

“Superseding Scientific Apprehension of the Inanimate World” (1990), web site.

Dabao (Sichuan Province) punishment camp is closed. (Alternate year 1961.)

Marshall McLuhan, The Gutenberg Galaxy

Michael Harrington, The Other America

Robert Ruark, Uhuru

Robert F. Williams, Negroes With Guns (Marzani and Munsell)

James Baldwin, Another Country

Heidegger, Being and Time, English translation

El Corno Emplumado, poetry magazine, launched by Margaret Randall

premiere of Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf

first completion date in reference books for Flaming Creatures

Morton Feldman, Dr. Schuller’s History Lesson, Kulchur 9, 1962

Stockhausen, Momente

Jackie Wilson, I Just Can’t Help It

Booker T & the MGs, Green Onions

Tornados, Telestar



January.  Cage, Variations III, date of composition.

January 16.  Khrushchev announces the 100-megaton bomb in East Berlin.

early 1963.  Vince Copeland visits Boston for radio appearance and Flynt rides back with him to New York.

“early 1963.”  James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time appears as a book.

January.  PLM conducts a hot-pepper intervention in the Hazard KY miners’ strike, led by Wally Linder.

February.  Boulez joins the Harvard music faculty.  Unnoticed by Flynt:  Boulez has disappeared among the moderate modernists.

February.  Deux Mégots, the poets’ coffee house on East 7th St., closes.

February. From “Culture” to Veramusement [text, destroyed]

Feb. 27.  FCTV Press Release dated 27 Feb. 1963

Feb. 27, Wednesday.  demonstrations at cultural institutions with Conrad and Smith

Feb. 28, Thursday.  49 Bond St., reading of From Culture to Veramusement

March. FCTV Press Release dated March-April 1963

March 30.  The CPSU’s “Open Letter,” commencing the most intense Sino-Soviet polemics.

April 16.  Dr. King, “Letter from a Birmingham Jail.”

April 23.  William Moore, Baltimore resident, member of CORE, solo civil rights marcher, is shot execution-style on a highway in Alabama.

c. May 1. Flynt moves to New York, renting a room in a rooming house

May.  release of Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem

May 11-12.  YAM DAY

May.  Flynt visits parents in G’boro, sends letter to WW [father away from G’boro at a photographers’ convention]

May.  While in North Carolina, Flynt visits Larry Phelps, PLM’s representative in Chapel Hill.  Phelps could have been 22 in 1963.  He was or would be a graduate of UNC Chapel Hill.  See below, when he becomes a news story.

May 25.  letter from G’boro publ. in WW, pen name Charles Henry

May 25.  Organization of African Unity (OAU) formed in Addis Ababa.

c. May.  An Anthology (see above), now a book, ed. Young, copyright and published by Young and Mac Low, is shipped.  Includes “Concept Art.”

c. May.  dimension 14/fringe released.  This Ann Arbor magazine has a selection of word pieces for which Young was a consultant.  Includes pieces by Flynt.

Summer.  An excursion to Cuba organized by PLM. Texas millionaire Harvard student Albert Maher is in the group.

June 3.  Pope John XXIII dies.

June 12.  Medgar Evers is murdered.

June 14-17.  SDS issues America and the New Era.

June 21.  Pope Paul VI begins his reign.

summer.  Flynt employed as messenger.

July 1.  U.S. Postal Service introduces ZIP codes

July 7, Sunday.  Flynt’s “seminar” at Ben Patterson’s apartment.

July.  FCTB [n.b.]  Press Release dated July-August 1963, called #2 when strictly it was number 3

July.  PLM conducts a hot-pepper intervention in Monroe NC, led by Ed Lemansky.

July 30.  Months after Kim Philby’s arrival in Moscow, Soviet officials announce that they have granted him asylum.  [Cf. A Spy Among Friends.]

August 5.  U.S.-Soviet Test Ban Treaty

August 8.  Mao ZeDong issues “Statement Supporting the Afro-Americans,” credited to the influence of Robert F. Williams, now in Peking.

August 27.  W.E.B. Du Bois dies in Ghana.

August 28, Wednesday.  The March on Washington; Dr. King’s “I have a dream” speech.

September.  Macuinas returns to New York.

September.  House Un-American Activities Committee hearings on the Cuba trip sponsored by PLM.

September 15.  Birmingham bombing kills four black children attending Sunday School.

October 12.  New Yorker parody, by Donald Barthelme, of the FCTV March-April press release.  Flynt is depicted as the extremist buffoon “Henry Mackie.” 

November.  RAM commences publication of its quarterly Black America.  RAM has Robert Williams as its honorary Chairman, will have Malcolm X as a clandestine member, and will have Amiri Baraka as a member.

November 1.  U.S. proxies overthrow Diem in South Vietnam.

November 22.  President Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas.  Vice President Johnson replaces him by Constitutional provision.

November 24.  Oswald, the accused, is assassinated in the Dallas police station by Jack Ruby.

December 12.  Kenya becomes independent.

December 19. Mark Lane’s “Oswald Innocent?” appears in National Guardian.  Lane will be adopted by Workers World, which will support his campaign that eventuates in his book Rush to Judgment.

December 22.  Central Park Transverse Vocals 1-4 recorded

December 25.  Acoustic Hillbilly Jive recorded

December 26.  release of Beatles “I Want to Hold Your Hand”

December 28.  Hindemith dies.


no month

Identification of Brend (text, 4 pages)

Leary and Alpert dismissed from Harvard three years after the beginning of Harvard Psilocybin Project.

Castalia Institute (Leary, Alpert, Metzner)—nicknamed Millbrook.

Café Le Metro, poets’ hangout, opens on Second Ave., New York.

Paul Cohen proves the independence of the Continuum Hypothesis.

Karl Marx, Early Writings, ed. T. B. Bottomore

Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique

Sartre, Search for a Method, English translation

LeRoi Jones, Blues People

UMBRA, African-American poetry magazine, is launched

1963, second completion date in reference books for Flaming Creatures

Cage, Variations IV

Beach Boys, Surfin’ U.S.A.

Crystals, Da Doo Ron Ron

Jaynetts, Sally, Go ’Round the Roses

Trashmen, Surfin’ Bird

Kingmen, Louie Louie



January 12.  The Arab government of Zanzibar is overthrown by African nationalist rebels.

January 16.  Hello Dolly! opens.

February-March.  The RT, a faction in the SWP led by James Robertson, is expelled, and names itself the Spartacist League.  Its first publication is Spartacist.  It will not start a newspaper until years later.

February 7.  The Medgar Evers murder trial ends in a mistrial.

February 7.  The Beatles arrive in New York.

February 28.  Thelonius Monk on the cover of Time magazine.

February.  Murray Gell-Mann’s paper, “A Schematic Model” (quarks).

March 8.  Malcolm X breaks with the Nation of Islam.

March 14.  Jack Ruby is convicted of killing Oswald.

March 14.  The date on which the PLM front, the May 2nd Movement or M2M, is said to be founded at Yale University.  This is prior to the demonstration from which its name is taken.  M2M will be dissolved in 1966.

March.  Julius Hobson, government economist and sometime CORE officer, creates ACT as the organization for his one-man Civil Rights campaign.

March.  Primary Study, Version 7, published in Fluxus V TRE.

March 18.  Norbert Wiener dies.

March 19.  “Program for Genocide in South West Africa” published in Workers World.

April 1.  Brazil, military coup against Goulart commences the fifteen-year tyranny of the Right.  Now known to have been CIA-sponsored.

April 22. The World’s Fair Stall-In.  Attributed to a faction of CORE but disavowed by the parent organization.  In fact, the participants whose photos appeared in the New York tabloids, being beaten by police, were all white and all from YAWF.  The only participant whose name is on record today is Key Martin.

April 26.  Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania.

April 29, Wednesday.  AACI demonstration at Town Hall.  “Fight Musical Decoration of Fascism!”

May 1 - 3. The Afro-American Student Conference on Black Nationalism at Fisk University in Nashville, with the participation of RAM.

May 2.  Large demonstration against the Vietnam War in Times Square—PLM credited as organizer.

May 27.  Nehru dies.

May 28.  The PLO is established in Jerusalem.

May 30.  Free Alto recorded at 359 Canal St.  (reel M2)

June 12.  Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment.

June 14.  Freedom Summer, a drive to register black voters in Mississippi which is primarily a SNCC project, begins.  It will last into August.

June 19-21.  The CP founds the DuBois Clubs in San Francisco.  Similarity of the name to “the Boys Clubs” is denounced as a Communist trick.

June 21.  In connection with Freedom Summer, the civil rights workers Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney disappear in Mississippi.  They are murdered the next day.

July 3.  The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is signed into law.

July 14.  Publication of the CCP’s Ninth Comment, “On Khrushchev’s Phony Communism,” written by Mao.

July 16-22.  The Harlem Race Riots of 1964.

July 25.  In a sequel to the Harlem Riots, Bill Epton of PLM, and attorney Conrad Lynn, are arrested for incitement.

August 2.  Gulf of Tonkin incident.  Now known to have been a U.S. government deception.

August 4.  Bodies of the civil rights workers who were murdered on June 22 are  discovered in Mississippi.

August 6. London Times literary Supplement, page 688 “Henry Flynt concept art.”

August 7. Tonkin Gulf Resolution.  Now known to have been unconstitutional.

August 8. Antiwar rally in New York.  Albert Maher of PLM is arrested.

mid-August.  The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party is refused recognition by the Democratic Party Presidential Convention in Atlantic City.

August 20.  President Johnson’s War on Poverty bill signed.

September 3. London Times Literary Supplement, page 775, “Henry Flynt’s intellectualized art”; page 828, mentions “My New Concept of Acognitive Culture,” décollage No. 3.  Important because up to this point, I am grouped with a post-Cage circle that has not been co-opted by Maciunas.

September 8, Tuesday.  AACI demonstration at Judson Hall. “Picket Stockhausen Concert!”

September 10.  Interview with Henry Flynt in Village Voice, Susan Goodman, “Anti-Art Pickets Pick on Stockhausen.”

September.  From Time magazine review, Sept. 18, 1964, page 81, it is known that Flynt sent a word piece to Norman Seaman which involved the audience gathering in a dark room with an airborne cutaneous anesthetic.  (To eliminate all sensation except hearing.)  The piece itself, presumably typed on canary paper, does not seem to have survived.  Flynt meant it as a spoof of modern-music one-upmanship—since the latter was what Moorman’s “Avant-Garde Festival” was supposedly about.

September.  Probably this month.  Flynt receives a call at WW from WBAI, inviting him to speak on the radio to explain the anti-Stockhausen demonstration.  WW vetoes accepting the invitation. 

September 27.  The Warren Commission Report is published, concluding that Kennedy was murdered by a lone assassin.

October 14.  Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

October 15.  Khrushchev is deposed by Brezhnev.

October 15 or 16.  China explodes an atomic bomb.  It is now known that the U.S. contemplated a “surgical strike” to prevent China’s acquisition of the bomb.  The question of a surgical strike to prevent nuclear proliferation comes up repeatedly—one wonders if there was a scenario to hit Pakistan.

October 24.  Northern Rhodesia becomes Zambia, ending 73 years of British rule.

October 27.  Prominent dancer Fred Herko does dance of death, leaps out of loft window to his death.

November 3.  L. B. Johnson, who gained the Presidency by replacing Kennedy, is elected President.

December 3.  Berkeley Free Speech Movement.

December 3.  The Primitives, forerunner of the Velvet Underground (see below), rehearse and record in Walter De Maria’s Bond St. loft.

December.  Cheddi Jagan in British Guiana is ousted by a joint CIA-British covert operation.


no month

Project Camelot is started

Bell proves Bell’s Theorem, action at a distance in quantum mechanics.

Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize and is the first and only recipient to decline it.

“Kim” Harriman leaves the Greensboro school system for the University of Georgia.

Wittgenstein, Philosophische Bemerkungen

Murray Gell-Mann and Yuval Ne’eman, The Eightfold Way

Marshall McLuhan, Understanding Media

Sartre, Les Mots

Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man

Susan Sontag, “Notes on Camp,” Partisan Review

Leary and Metzner, The Psychedelic Experience

movie, Dr. Strangelove

LeRoi Jones, Dutchman

LeRoi Jones, The Toilet

LeRoi Jones, The Slave

Rolf Hochhuth, The Deputy first staged on Broadway

Beatles, A Hard Day’s Night

Martha & the Vandellas, Dancing in the Street

Nashville Teens, Tobacco Road

Zombies, She’s Not There



January 21, 1965. Larry Phelps, age 23, is murdered in the PLM office in Harlem by Arthur McCall.  Motive never established.  [Cf. The New York Times, 22 January 1965.]

February 21.  Assassination of Malcolm X.

March. The Progressive Labor Movement issues Road to Revolution, later known as RR I.

April.  The Progressive Labor Movement declares itself the Progressive Labor Party.  Hereafter PLP.

April 28.  U.S. intervention in the Domenican Republic.

June.  The PLP newspaper, Challenge – Desafio, begins publication.

July 23. Cage-Cunningham performance of Variations V in a New York Philharmonic series.

August 6.  Voting Rights Act.

August 11-16.  Watts riots.

August 20.  Jonathan Daniels, Episcopal seminarian from New England, is shot dead by state employee Tom Coleman in the course of a civil rights protest in Alabama.

September.  The CPUSA (M.-L.), led by the unusually young Michael Laski, splits from P.O.C.  It publishes Peoples Voice.

September 3.  Lin Biao, Long Live the Victory of People’s War issued.  The Chinese Communist Party receives this document nervously, sensing its extremism.

September 12 and 19.  Yoko Ono, “Morning Piece,” 87 Christopher St., New York.

October.  Indonesian mass murder of Communists.  Absence of official Communist protests speaks volumes.

October 3.  Immigration Act of 1965.

October 4.  SDS officially severs ties with the League for Industrial Democracy.

November 1.  The Velvet Underground first performs as a pit band in this week.

November 11.  Ian Smith’s UDI in Rhodesia.

December.  Publication of Communists Must Give Revolutionary Leadership in Culture.

Dec. 2.  Lecture to art students on Communist cultural policy, Cooper Union.

December 10.  Henry Cowell, modern music pioneer and U.S. cultural administrator in West Germany, dies.


no month

HF is discussed in Ben Vautier’s Tout No. 9 Esthétique (Nice)

Penzias and Wilson detect cosmic microwave background radiation. 

Project Camelot is cancelled.

The Socialist Scholars Conference in the U.S. is established this year.  [Chroniclers report this claim warily.]

Chomsky, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax

Wolff, Moore, Marcuse, A Critique of Pure Tolerance

Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed

The Autobiography of Malcolm X

Tony Conrad, The Flicker

Bob Dylan, Like a Rolling Stone

Barry McGuire, Eve of Destruction

Petula Clark, Downtown

Dobie Gray, The ‘In’ Crowd

Jr. Walker & the All Stars, Shotgun

Shirley Ellis, The Name Game

Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs, Wolly Bully

Beach Boys, Help Me Rhonda

Righteous Brothers, You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin’

Bob Dylan, Subterranean Homesick Blues

Yardbirds, For Your Love

James Brown, Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag



January.  The CPUSA (M.-L.) commences publication of Red Flag.  It allegedly forms the Negro National Liberation Front.  (It could only have been a tiny paper organization.)

January 10.  Julian Bond is denied his seat in the Georgia State Legislature.

January.  “Transformations” included in the Arts In Fusion exhibition, Temple University.

February 17.  “The Insurrections” record at Walter De Maria’s loft.

March 16.  “The Insurrections” record in a borrowed apartment.

March.  “Crisis Over Zimbabwe” published in The Partisan, the YAWF journal

April 21. The Sip-in at Julius’ in Greenwich Village.  Dick Leitsch, John Timmons, Craig Rodwell.

May 14.  Henry Flynt tracks, Raga Electric, Sky Turned Red, Sanders Studio.

May 16.  Three adherents of the SWP are assassinated at their headquarters in Detroit.

May 25.  The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is launched in China.  It will last until 1976.  Number of people slaughtered, high estimate is one million.  PLP, in Road to Revolution III, will lament the defeat of the Cultural Revolution.

June 2.  Public inquisition on the Indonesian massacre of Communists, arranged by YAWF, held at Columbia University.  Speakers, Eugene Genovese, William Worthy.

June 5 and July 3. Inteviewed with Fwanyanga Mulikita, Zambian Ambassador to the UN, by Florynce Kennedy, WLIB.

June 6.  James Meredith, first known for integrating the University of Mississippi, is assassinated.

July 23.  Insurrections tracks, Broadway Recording Studio.

August.  The Red Guards are started in China early this month, according to The New York Times.

August 8.  Robert Williams speaks at a rally in Peking commemorating the 8 August 1963 Mao statement.

August 16. House Un-American Activities Committee hearings on subversive activities in the antiwar movement.  PLP members are subpoenaed.

Sept. 4.  Flynt delivers a statement on cultural questions at the annual national conference of Workers World Party.  It backfires in that it elicits a clash between Mae Mallory and Sam Marcy over the Chinese demonstrators who are menacing the Soviet Embassy in Beijing.

Sept. 16, 17, 23, 24.  Friday, Saturday, Friday, Saturday.  Flynt performs (electric violin) as replacement for Cale with the Velvet Underground at the Dom, New York.

October 15.  Black Panther Party founded in Oakland, CA.

October 29.  Betty Friedan founds NOW.

November 3.  Che Guevara arrives incognito in Bolivia.

November 30.  Schoenberg’s Moses and Aaron is premiered in the U.S. in Boston.

December 1.  SNCC votes to expel whites.  The Black Panther Party has been founded; SNCC continues to exist.  This is said to be the first, indecisive expulsion vote.  The decisive vote will be in May 1967 in Atlanta.  Some attribute the vote to RAM’s infiltration of SNCC.

December 2. “Informal Hillbilly Jive” (does not yet have boogie intro) and “Echo Rock” recorded.

December 8. Mastertone Studio, editing of existing tracks.

Dec. 9.  Issue of L.A. Free Press, this date, Joseph Byrd’s interview of Stockhausen.  Flynt and AACI demonstrations mentioned.

Winter 1966.  Film Culture, first publication of “Mock Risk Games.”

December 17.  PLP issues Road to Revolution II, in which they declare the Soviet Union to be a capitalist country.  (I can report as an insider that WW thought this was sensationalism which would finish the organization off.  But not so.  The Chinese loved it.  They would endorse PLP in 1967, and Mao would declare the Soviet Union a capitalist country in 1973.)

December 22.  SNCC benefit at the Village Theater, Stokely Carmichael, A.B. Spellman (MC), Marion Brown, Jackie McLean, Archie Shepp.  Linkage of the Black Power movement and the new jazz.  Frank Kofsky in attendance.

December 23.  Flynt, not listed on flier, performs Hillbilly Jive [with newly composed boogie intro inspired by reading about Coleman in Four Lives in the Be-Bop Business], Palm Gardens celebration, New York.  The pre-assembled audience, prepared to hear the Fugs, is wowed.  Bernard Stollman introduces himself to Flynt backstage.  The Stollman acquaintance does not lead to an album.


no month

“Primary Paradox” written  [Primary Study Version 7 recast discursively]

1966 Mathematical Studies written (published 1975)

“Music in the African Ceremony of Possession” written

1966.  I recreate the Perception-Dissociator as originally planned in the form of a hand-made guidebook.

Shane Mage introduces his LSD Marxism at the second Socialist Scholars Conference

Oscar Lewis, La Vida [culture of poverty]

Baran and Sweezy, Monopoly Capital

Mark Lane, Rush to Judgment

Mao ZeDong, The Little Red Book

The Silent Slaughter, YAWF pamphlet on the massacre of Communists in Indonesia.

RAM pamphlet, The World Black Revolution—calls for the creation of a Black International and a “dictatorship of the world by the Black Underclass through World Revolution”

The magazine Ramparts (founded in 1962 as heir to Root and Branch) takes the form for which it becomes widely known.

Truman Capote, In Cold Blood

Cage, Variations VI

Cage, Variations VII

Simon & Garfunkel, Homeward Bound

Simon & Garfunkel, I Am a Rock

Tommy James & the Shondells, Hanky Panky

Troggs, Wild Thing

Left Banke, Walk Away Renee

Beach Boys, Good Vibrations



January 10.  Lester “ax handle” Maddox becomes Governor of Georgia.

January 20.   “Black Music at SNCC Benefit Linked to Liberation Struggle” published in Workers World.  Flynt’s unsigned review of the concert the preceding December 22 at the Village Theater.

January 26.  Concert, electric fiddle, Mass Art, New York.  There is no audience.  Flynt can wow a pre-assembled audience but cannot garner an audience.

January 27.  Three astronauts die in the Apollo 1 launch pad fire.

February 10.  25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified, deals with an incapacitated President.

February 11.  Rev. A. J. Muste, leader of many Left coalitions, dies.

February 18.  J. Robert Oppenheimer dies.

March 8.  Herbert Marcuse, lecture at School of Visual Arts, New York, curated by Dore Ashton:  “Art in the One-Dimensional Society.” Flynt attends, to distribute CMGRLIC on the sidewalk and to scout out Marcuse.  Benn Morea of BLACK MASK is there, and challenges Marcuse’s vision of social salvation through romantic art.  Seeing Marcuse induces Flynt to read Soviet Marxism and to become increasingly estranged from the “barracks” model of communism.

March 9.  Defection of Svetlana Alliluyeva to the West.

April 15. The Spring Mobilization antiwar demonstrations.  (Nicknamed “the Mobe.”)  500,000 participants claimed.  Headlined in New York by Dr. M.L. King, Jr.

April 20.  Regis Débray surrenders himself to the Bolivian army.

April 21.  Military dictatorship commences in Greece.

April 28.  Muhammad Ali refuses military service.

May.  The second, decisive vote to expel whites from SNCC at the Central Committee meeting in Atlanta. 

May 6.  Performance, electric fiddle, Ikon Magazine benefit, New York.

May 7.  “The New Left,” The New York Times.  Reports that SDS has turned to revolutionary violence.

May 22.  Langston Hughes dies.

June 5.  The Six-Day War.

June.  The Beatles’ Sergeant Pepper album released.

June-July.  Mick Jagger and Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones are in and out of jail on drug convictions.

June.  Flynt resumes college, at NYU, with a summer French course.  At some point between now and August, his visits to the Workers World office cease.

June 12.  U.S. Supreme Court rules that state prohibitions on interracial marriage are unconstitutional.  The decision only affects the South.

June 13.  Thurgood Marshall nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court.

June 17.  China conducts its first H-bomb test.

June 21. Sixteen RAM members are arrested, mostly in New York, for a plot to assassinate moderate black leaders.  Herman Ferguson, a school principal in Brownsville, Brooklyn, is determined to be most culpable.  RAM’s leader, Max Stanford, is arrested in Philadelphia.  He is subsequently released.  [Cf. “16 Negroes Seized,” The New York Times, 22 June 1967.]

June 29.  Jayne Mansfield dies.

July 6.  The Biafran War begins.

July 13-15.  Race riots in Newark and Detroit.

July 17.  John Coltrane dies.

August.  “The Soviet Economy and the Communist Party” written.  Amounts to a follow-on to Marcuse’s Soviet Marxism emphasizing institutional economics.

September 8.  The Canadian mind-control scientist Ewen Cameron dies.  He has been paid by the CIA to participate in MKULTRA.

September.  First fall semester at NYU.  Flynt resumes as a math major with the Real Analysis course using the Royden textbook. 

Fall.  Flynt mails “The Soviet Economy” to Sam Marcy.  It amounts to a resignation from WW. In fact, Flynt’s connection to the organized Left ends at this point because the Soviet Union is the premise of the latter.

October 8-9.  Che Guevara captured and executed in Bolivia.

October 17.  Premiere of the love-rock musical Hair.

October-November.  House Un-American Activities Committee hearings on subversive influences in riots.

November.  Prospectus for the Journal of Indeterminate Mathematical Investigations, a flier.

November 18. Joan Didion, “Comrade Laski,” Saturday Evening Post, an interview with Michael Laski of the CPUSA (M-L).  Somebody is having their fun with the far Left—since leader Laski embezzles the Party’s treasury and drives nonstop to Las Vegas, where he loses everything in a casino.

December 3.  First human heart transplant performed by Dr. Christian Bernard.

December 26.  Beatles TV film Magical Mystery Tour premiers.

Dec. 29.  Paul Whiteman dies.


no month

“Mock Risk Games” [re-creation from memory of “Exercise Awareness-States”] written.

“Mock Risk Games” published in Ikon, New York, 1967.

CMGRLIC issued in Italian translation as a poster.  ED. 912, Milan.

“Cybernetics of Controlled Brain Inputs” written

“Art or Brend?” essay written

First pulsar discovered.

Electroweak unification and the neutral current.

Third Socialist Scholars Conference

The Chinese Communist leadership declares Progressive Labor to be the “correct Party” in the U.S. [Reported by a U.S. News & World Report publication as inside information!  Communism and the New Left (1970).]

San Remo Café, Greenwich Village writers’ hangout, closes.

Desmond Morris, The Naked Ape

Eric Berne, Games People Play

Norman Podhoretz, Making It

Piri Thomas, Down These Mean Streets

Norman Mailer, Why Are We in Vietnam?

Régis Debray, Revolution in the Revolution

Harold Cruse, The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual

Carmichael and Hamilton, Black Power:  The Politics of Liberation in America

Doors, Light My Fire

Aretha Franklin, Chain of Fools